CLIMATE CHANGE Sept 18, 2021



Many people globally see United Nations in a positive light, including its handling of climate change

Pew Research
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Canadian prairie ranchers struggle with drought conditions

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UVic, U-Calgary researchers investigate possibility of CO2 storage in ocean basalt

Scientists with the University of Victoria-based Pacific Institute for Climate Solutions believe there is a possibility to sequester carbon dioxide in the subseafloor ocean basalt.

Carbon sequestration is the process of capturing, isolating then storing CO2 in cap-rock underground, whether on land or in the ocean. According to institute scientists, human activity adds around 51 gigatons of greenhouse gas emissions to the atmosphere each year.

New research indicates that CO2 storage on this scale is possible to reduce emissions.

University of Calgary scientists have demonstrated that CO2 storage can be injected into the deep ocean basalt. The CO2 then reacts with minerals and forms a solid carbonate rock over time.

Institute executive director Sybil Seitzinger said the world needs these technologies as part of its climate action plan.

“Negative emissions technologies such as Solid Carbon do not replace the need for urgent emissions reductions, but are needed alongside deep decarbonization if we are to limit the average global temperature increase to 1.5 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels,” she said.

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Climate change should be key issue of this election

In Judeo-Christian mythology, life starts in a garden. Here hummus (soil) is shaped into the first humans. Humans are literally from the earth and live in a balanced relationship with all of creation.

But something goes awry. Humans eat from the tree of the knowledge of good and evil. To distinguish correctly between good and evil requires seeing and speaking truth. When confronted about eating the fruit, the humans avoid, deny, delay, and blame, rather than face the truth. Humans are sent out of Eden and on a journey to learn how to live truthfully.

This myth speaks truth to our times — our climate crisis and this election season. Collectively, we are not living in balance with this earth, with our home. A hard truth of our times is that humans are detached from humility in our modern, technological world. Hubris has led many of us to believe we know far more than we do and led us to act in ways that are deeply harmful. The earth is telling us this; our mental and emotional distress are telling us this.

While many of us want to do something — and many of us are doing something—societal structures seem mired in avoiding, denying, delaying, and blaming. These tactics only harm us. We must face what is going awry.

One, humans are not other than the planet. We belong to this earth.

Two, limitless growth leads to annihilation — anything that grows unchecked ends up consuming itself, from cancer cells to empires. A viable economy can go at a more tempered pace.

Three, the primary purpose of money is not to make more money. Money is a vehicle to ensure we provide for each other’s needs.

Four, our core identity is not as consumers whose purpose is to constantly acquire more and more stuff. We are encouraged to act from greed, not gratitude, and thus have it backwards.

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Climate change could move 200 million people by 2050: report

Climate change could push more than 200 million people to leave their homes in the next three decades and create migration hotspots unless urgent action is taken to reduce global emissions and bridge the development gap, a World Bank report has found.

The second part of the Groundswell report published on Monday examines how the impacts of slow-onset climate change such as water scarcity, decreasing crop productivity and rising sea levels could lead to millions of what the report describes as “climate migrants” by 2050 under three different scenarios with varying degrees of climate action and development.

Under the most pessimistic scenario, with a high level of emissions and unequal development, the report forecasts up to 216 million people moving within their own countries across the six regions analyzed. Those regions are Latin America; North Africa; Sub-Saharan Africa; Eastern Europe and Central Asia; South Asia; and East Asia and the Pacific.

In the most climate-friendly scenario, with a low level of emissions and inclusive, sustainable development, the world could still see 44 million people being forced to leave their homes.

The findings “reaffirm the potency of climate to induce migration within countries,” said Viviane Wei Chen Clement, a senior climate change specialist at the World Bank and one of the report’s authors.

The report didn’t look at the short-term impacts of climate change, such as the effects of extreme weather events, and did not look at climate migration across borders.

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Life at 50C: The toxic gas flares fuelling Nigeria’s climate change

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Climate change: World now sees twice as many days over 50C

The number of extremely hot days every year when the temperature reaches 50C has doubled since the 1980s, a global BBC analysis has found.

They also now happen in more areas of the world than before, presenting unprecedented challenges to human health and to how we live.

The total number of days above 50C (122F) has increased in each decade since 1980. On average, between 1980 and 2009, temperatures passed 50C about 14 days a year.

The number rose to 26 days a year between 2010 and 2019.

In the same period, temperatures of 45C and above occurred on average an extra two weeks a year.

“The increase can be 100% attributed to the burning of fossil fuels,” says Dr Friederike Otto, associate director of the Environmental Change Institute at the University of Oxford.

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